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We often need to create lists that display different types of content. For example, we might be working on a List that shows a heading followed by a few items related to the heading, followed by another heading, and so on.

How would we create such a structure with Flutter?

Directions

  1. Create a data source with different types of items
  2. Convert the data source into a List of Widgets

1. Create a data source with different types of item

Types of Items

In order to represent different types of items in a List, we’ll need to define a class for each type of item.

In this example, we’ll work on an app that shows a header followed by five messages. Therefore, we’ll create three classes: ListItem, HeadingItem, and MessageItem.

// The base class for the different types of items the List can contain
abstract class ListItem {}

Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Shorts // A ListItem that contains data to display a heading
class HeadingItem implements Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova ListItem {
  final String heading;

  HeadingItem(this.Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Shorts Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova heading);
}

// A ListItem that contains data to display a message
class MessageItem implements ListItem {
  final String sender;
  final String body;

  MessageItem(this.sender, this.body);
}

Create a List of Items

Most of the time, we’d fetch data from the internet or a local database and convert that data into a list of items.

For this example, we’ll generate a list of items to work with. The list will contain a header followed by five messages. Rinse, repeat.

final items = List<ListItem>.generate(
  1200,
  (i) => i % 6 == 0
      ? HeadingItem("Heading $i")
      : MessageItem("Sender $i", "Message body $i"),
Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Shorts Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts );

2. Convert the data source into a List of Widgets

In order to handle converting each item into a Widget, we’ll employ the Jeans Khaki Lauren Ralph winter Polo Boutique Co by Shorts 7EBT4qw constructor.

In general, we’ll want to provide a builder function that checks for what type of item we’re dealing with, and returns the appropriate Widget for that type of item.

In this example, using the is keyword to check the type of item we’re dealing with can be handy. It’s fast, and will automatically cast each item to the appropriate type. However, there are different ways to approach this problem if you prefer another pattern!

ListView.builder(
  // Let the ListView know how many items it needs to build
  itemCount: items.length,
  // Provide a builder function. This is where the magic happens! We'll
  // convert each item into a Widget based on the type of item it is.
  itemBuilder: Supernova Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Shorts Supernova (context, index) {
    final item = items[index];

    if (item is HeadingItem) {
      return ListTile(
        title: Text(
          item.heading,
          style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.headline,
        ),
      );
    } else if (item is MessageItem) {
      return ListTile(
        title: Text(item.sender),
        subtitle: Text(item.body),
      );
    }
  },Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts 
);

Complete example

import 'package:flutter/foundation.dart';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(MyApp(
    items: List<ListItem>.generate(
      1000,
      (i) Supernova Supernova Supernova Shorts Shorts Shorts Shorts Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova =Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Supernova > i % 6 == 0
          ? HeadingItem("Heading $i")
          : MessageItem("Sender $i", "Message body $i"),
    ),
  ));
}

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  final Shorts Shorts Shorts Shorts Shorts Supernova Supernova Supernova Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova ListShorts Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Supernova Supernova <ListItem> items;

  MyApp({Key keySupernova Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova ,  this.items}) : super(key: key);

  
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    final title = 'Mixed List';

    return MaterialApp(
      title: title,
      home: Scaffold(
        appBar: AppBar(
          title: Text(titleShorts Supernova Supernova Supernova Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova Supernova Shorts Shorts Shorts ),
        ),
        body: ListView.builder(
          // Let the ListView know how many items it needs to build
          itemCount: items.length,
          // Provide a builder function. This is where the magic happens! We'll
          // convert each item into a Widget based on the type of item it is.
          itemBuilder: (context, index) {
            final item = Supernova Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Supernova Supernova Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova items[index];

            if (item is HeadingItem) {
              return ListTile(
                title:Boutique leisure Ann Jacket LOFT Taylor pwxpr6ASq Text(
                  item.heading,
                  styleShorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Shorts Shorts Supernova Supernova Supernova Supernova Shorts Supernova : Theme.of(context).textTheme.headline,
                ),
              );
            } else if (item is MessageItem) {
              return ListTile(
                title: Text(item.sender),
                subtitle: Text(item.body),
              );
            }
          },
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

// The base class for the different types of items the List can contain
abstract class ListItem {}

// A ListItem that contains data to display a heading
class HeadingItem implements ListItem {
  final String heading;

  HeadingItem(this.heading);
}

// A ListItem that contains data to display a message
class MessageItem implements ListItem {
  final String sender;
  finalPants winter Casual Calvin Leisure Klein wpqwI String body;

  MessageItem(this.sender, this.body);
}